The curling, born in Scotland in the first half of the sixteenth century, was played on frozen ponds using simple stones.
The first written evidence about curling appears in the famous Stirling Stone in 1511.
Sequences of the sport were also seen in the paintings of the artist Pieter Bruegel. Several important changes in the game stones were made in the eighteenth century, also in this period became very popular game in North America where it was introduced by immigrants. In accordance with the spirit of Anglo-Saxon, curling has always been characterized by the spirit of fair play, of elegance and control.
Curling is a sport team, which takes place on a frozen track, the concept is similar to the bowls. So the game is to move the stone blocks of 19.96 kg, fitted with a handle, and to direct them closer to the bulls eye drawn on ice, called the house (house).
Each team is composed of 4 players. The leader is running the first blow, specializes in eliminating second-placed opponents stones on the track, the third is one that assumes “deceptive movements”, while the fourth teammate (the skip) is the most experience establishing tactics, warns his teammates to each hit and run last start.
Releases of the stones are made in compliance with lines and marks drawn for this purpose.
The first four stones are launched by the two team leaders, followed by four sets of mates, then another 4 of the third teammate from each team for the game to end in four releases made by the two skippers . After each launch two players (Sweepers) get into action of the team that is launching. They, with a plastic broom or horsehair, can rock to slide faster launched by deleting the portion of the trail located in the stone.
Once the stone passes from the center of the house, can enter on the track the opponent sweepers, who through the same motions of removing ice from the stone, can cause the stone to leave the house. Just like the bowls, a stone can hit a stone effect, to release it from the playing area. So a team can, at the request of team captain, place the stone in the house, called the action “draw”, or to strike an opposing stone to remove it from the game.
These decisions are taken according to the game strategy chosen by the different situations that may occur during the game. Points are awarded to the team that has one or more stones closer to the center of the house at the end of all releases. Thus, at the end of a game, only one team can score. It carries 10 hoses, the final score is determined by combining the scores of each hose. If the score is equal, is engaged in an extra leg for tie.